All posts in History

The post-war period

The post-war period

These words, describing a visit to Siedlce after the war, are excerpts from M. Tzanin’s book, “Tel Olam: a journey through 100 destroyed communities.” Translated from Hebrew by Mr. Yuval Romano. Only a few of Siedlce’s Jews have survived. Very few survived from Treblinka. Were it not for some Jews leaving with the Red Army – who knows if one hundred […]

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Deportation and Extermination of the Ghetto

Deportation and Extermination of the Ghetto

On August 22nd 1942, Saturday, T. Elul Ts”b, at midnight Germans, Ukrainians and Polish police have surrounded the ghetto. In the morning, all Jews were deported to the old cemetery near the synagogue. A selection was made, separating those able to work from others. In the triangle formed by Sokolov Street, Aoslnobitz’h and Targobh the “small ghetto” was […]

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During the war: The Ghettos

During the war: The Ghettos

In April 1940 the Germans have carried out the registration of all Jewish men aged 16 to 60, and in November 1940 a census was carried out in streets known to have a Jewish majority. Two quarters were marked in the city limits: QuarterI included the streets: “May 1st” (now Swirskiego), the streets Orzeszkowej, Kochanowskiego, Stary Rynek (currently Ul. Bohaterow Getta), Browarna, Jatkowa (now Czerwonego Krzyza), Targowa (now Czerwonego Krzyza), and Aslanowicza, Blonie, […]

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The war period until December 1939

The war period until December 1939

Siedlce was occupied by German troops on October 11th 1939. Prior to World War II about half of the 30,000 residents of the city were Jewish. A few days after the Nazi occupation, on November 15th 1939, they began rounding up Jews. After being convened in prison, they were marched to Wegrow the next day. There – about […]

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Education and culture between two World Wars

Education and culture between two World Wars

During 1924-1925 a dispute broke out between the Jewish community and the city authorities regarding the education of Jewish children. Aiming to increase the Polishization in education and reduce the extent of Jewish education, some of the schools has fired the Jewish teachers from their jobs and replaced them with Poles. These were state schools (“Sbasovska”) where studies […]

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Public affairs between two World Wars

Public affairs between two World Wars

During the 30s the influence of the “Bund” strengthened among unions at the expense of the Communist Party. During this period, internal struggles among needle workers between supporters of the “Bund” and supporters of “Poalei Zion” has increased. After the death of the leader Sloshni, “Bund” activists tried to take over the organization. The dispute ended in a split – one […]

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Economy between two World Wars

Economy between two World Wars

In the period between the two world wars, there were no significant changes in the employment of the Jews of Siedlce, apart from the development of several new areas. The competition with the Polish trade unions pushed the Jews out of the construction industry, even during the great construction boom that had taken place in the […]

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After World War I

After World War I

Towards the end of the First World War, when Polish Legions organized struggle for Polish independence led by Pilsudski, Jewish volunteers from Siedlce joined one of these legions, which was founded in November 1917 in Ostrow and Komarov. The Jewish group leader, Zalman Frailich, was captured by the Germans together with Polish fighters, another young Jew, Moshe Rozenblat, was among Pilsudski’s fighters who entered Lomza and took over it immediately […]

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During World War I

During World War I

When World War I broke out, the Russian military command of the area headed by General Danielov was located in Siedlce. The Russians were about to deport the Jews, for it was a combat zone. Thanks to the intervention of Jewish public figures, they retracted their intention. The Russians withdrew from Siedlce in August 1915, not before they brutally looted Jewish businesses. The […]

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Just before World War I

Just before World War I

A few years before the outbreak of the First World War, a large influx of Jews to the city of Siedlce has occurred, and the city has developed and flourished, especially in the construction industry, due to the frequent fires and the need to rebuild houses. In 1902 the Jewish construction workers tried to organize themselves […]

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The Jewish settlement until the end of the 19th century

The Jewish settlement until the end of the 19th century

According to church sources Jews inhabited Siedlce as early as 1577. During the prohibitions of T’H T”T (1648-1649) the entire community died out by Chmielnicki’s gangs, although the chronicles of that time do not mention the Jews of Siedlce among the victims. It is said that several communities in the area were destroyed, but their names are not mentioned. It is […]

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The beginning of the Jewish settlement

The beginning of the Jewish settlement

There are two versions describing the beginning of the settlement. According to one Siedlce was established in the late 13th century by settlers from Lita along together with Jews from Sokolov and Lukov. During this period, the area was subjected to repeated attacks by tribes Ydz’ooingim, who invaded from the steppes of eastern Poland, and the Lithuania King of […]

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